The energy consumption of each household varies depending on factors such as climate, the type and quality of construction, the orientation of the house or even different levels of isolation that may have been used. But for a normal citizen is difficult to control these factors. Exist, but other factors such as equipment and installations, which can be controlled from the consumer’s point of view.
Having the right installations and equipment will allow us to save on our energy consumption without sacrificing comfort in our home, with an additional factor as the increase of the value of our house.
The energy consumption in Spanish households (2013) is allocated as follows:
As we can see, the three most important points of consumption are: heating, electric appliances and hot water.
HOW I CAN SAVE?
To save, first, you have to know our home’s energy consumption.
We can, in a rather simple way, keep a weekly control of our counter.
In this way we can detect the periods of greatest consumption, and in a medium and long term, to determine whether it has been achieved the desired savings.
If we want to be more comprehensive, we can use:
Plug-in device meters: devices connected to a socket that allow us to measure the consumption of a particular device.
Total consumption meters: are devices through a sensor in our home’s electrical distribution board and see where the energy was going, take steps to reduce waste, and reap the financial rewards.
THE SIMPLEST WAY TO START SAVING
Heating and hot water:
We can expect to save up to 50% using latest generation boilers and with proper insulation on shutters, windows and doors.
To install a thermostat controller will allow us to enjoy both the heating and air conditioning only when needed.
In summer ideal comfort temperature is 25°C, for each degree of least energy consumption rises by 7%.
In winter the comfort temperature is 20°C, each degree increase our consumption of over 7%.
The use of electric appliances Class A+ and A++ significantly reduces energy consumption at home.
Between an electric appliance of Class F and Class A++ may be a difference of 100% OF consumption.
The use of more efficient electric appliances is critical in energy saving at home, so we pay special attention to the energy label for these devices.
Although is not one of the greatest centers of energy consumption, we can get to reduce lighting consumption by up to 90% replacing our current bulbs with LEDs.
It’s true, that the cost is higher but its long-life (lasting up to 8 times longer than an incandescent bulb) and lower consumption allow us to amortize the investment in a very short time.
The three most important points of energy consumption are heating, electric appliances and hot water.